European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker’s recent State of the Union speech argued in favour of more cooperation with third countries to improve migration management along the Central and Western Mediterranean routes. Nevertheless, conflicting interests and political instability raise many questions about the feasibility of such cooperation as well as its effects on refugees’ access to international protection. Dire conditions in Libya also raise serious human rights concerns. Furthermore, this approach has had a significant impact on development actors in the region, as migration is increasingly being factored into development aid work. Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung has recently published a study on "EU Refugee Policy in Crisis, Blockades, Decisions, Solutions", by Prof. Dr. Petra Bendel (University of Erlangen-Nuremberg). This roundtable discussion takes stock of ongoing initiatives in order to evaluate their current and future effectiveness, analyse their impact on refugees and migrants, and explore alternative policy options. The discussion will include a number of German migration experts visiting Brussels within the framework of a dialogue programme organised by the Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung. The discussants are: Petra Bendel, Professor for Political Science and Academic Director of the Center for Area Studies, Friedrich-Alexander-University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Germany, Steffen Angenendt, Head of Research Division Global Issues, German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP), Germany; Ralph Genetzke, Head of Mission, ICMPD Brussels; Joanna Apap, Policy Analyst, European Parliamentary Research Office as well as Cindy van den Boogert, Secretariat General, European Commission.