PhD researcher or student information
Contact email: email@example.com
Link to website with profile: https://research.vu.nl/en/persons/mp-bolhuis
Degrees BA: BSc Criminology
MSc Political Science
PhD Research Information
Brief description:States hosting asylum seekers could make a crucial contribution to the aim of narrowing the impunity gap that exists for international crimes, by promoting the criminal prosecution of asylum seekers who are believed to be guilty of such crimes.
Methodology:The study has used a mixed-methods approach. An extensive dataset was used, consisting of all refugee status determination decisions taken between 2000 and 2010 by the Dutch immigration service (IND) where Article 1F has – at a certain point in the refugee status determination process – been considered or actually invoked. A sample of 358 case files, out of 745 files containing a definitive 1F decision, was analysed. Four categories of variables were scored: personal characteristics of the individual, legal characteristics of the case, characteristics relating to the alleged behaviour and sources used to substantiate the 1F decision. Besides this file analysis, a review of academic literature, case law and policy documents was conducted and interviews were held with experts. In addition, the second chapter drew from a study by Bolhuis and Van Wijk (2015b) into the information exchange between immigration, law enforcement and prosecution services in six European countries, commissioned by tthe Norwegian immigration service.
Keywords: 1F, exclusion clause, criminal prosecution, impunity gap
Language(s) of writing: English
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Faculty of Law