PhD researcher or student information
Sara Palacios Arapiles
Contact email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Link to website with profile: https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/law/people/sara.arapiles
Degrees BA: Law
International and European Law
Social Science Research (Socio-Legal Studies)
PhD Research Information
Brief description:In order to be entitled to protection under the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol (hereinafter Refugee Convention), claimants must fall within the definition of ‘refugee’, that is, they must demonstrate a 'well-founded fear of being persecuted'. The Refugee Convention, however, does not elaborate on the notion of ‘persecution’, and since its adoption, no universally accepted definition of this element has been adopted. Moreover, there exists no specialised treaty body created by the Refugee Convention that is able to provide a binding interpretation of its provisions (only the International Court of Justice in the case of an inter-state dispute). This, coupled with other factors, has resulted in an unsatisfactory scenario whereby the conceptualisation of 'persecution' within the specific context of the Eritrean Military/National Service by asylum decision-makers in one EU member state is substantively different from the conceptualisation by their counterparts in another state.
Methodology:The research combines the study of primary and secondary legal sources, policy and practice. The research also comprises semi-structured interviews with refugee sector stakeholders, notably asylum decision-makers and asylum lawyers, in the major recipients of Eritrean asylum claims in Europe as well as discussions with relevant NGOs and members of Eritrean diaspora groups.
Keywords: Slavery, persecution, Eritrea, Comon European Asylum System, 1951 convention
Language(s) of writing: English
University of Nottingham
School of Law