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Subsidiary Protection of Refugees in the EU

THE STUDYSubsidiary

Following the coverage of the regularisation of illegal aliens, the Academic Network for legal studies on immigration and asylum in Europe has undertaken a second study of comparative law on so called “subsidiary” protection of persons not falling within the scope of the Geneva Convention on Refugees but nevertheless in need of international protection. The subject is of importance in view of the fact that three out of four asylum applicants in the European Commission are protected by subsidiary statuses of protection. The subject is also topical as the European Commission adopted, on 12th September 2001, a proposal for directive defining minimum standads destined to protect these persons who are still sometimes considered as de facto refugees and the protection of which varies according to the humanitarian policies of each Member State.

This work closes a gap as Member State practices are still to a large extend unknown and have not been subject to any thorough study. It consists of fifteen national reports analysing the situation in each Member State of the European Union, of a comparative synthesis report as well of a presentation of the principles of international law governing the subject matter. The book has the aim to offer a global vision of the problems in order to allow the reader to estimate whether the future harmonisation on community level will constitute progress or setback of the right of asylum in Europe.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
PRESENTATION DU RESEAU  – PRESENTATION OF THE NETWORK
PREFACE

I. DROIT INTERNATIONAL – INTERNATIONAL LAW

Principles of international law regarding the concept of subsidiary protection,by
Kay HAILBRONNER, University of Konstanz

Subsidiarity in asylum law. The personal scope of international protection, by
Thomas SPIJKERBOER, Free University Amsterdam

Subsidiary Protection : improving or degrading the right of asylum in Europe? by
Friso ROSCAM-ABBING, Directorate General for Justice and Home Affairs, European Commission

Assessment of the proposal for an EC directive on the notion of refugee and subsidiary protection from the perspective of international law, by
Jens VEDSTED-HANSEN, University of Aarhus Law School

Evaluation de la proposition de directive européenne sur la notion de réfugié et la protection subsidiaire du point de vue de l’expérience des Etats membres, par
Daphné BOUTEILLET-PAQUET, Coordinatrice du Réseau Odysseus, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Is there a need for subsidiary protection in Europe ? A view from a candidate country, by
Boldizsar NAGY, University of Budapest

Harmonized subsidiary protection in the European Union – A view from the United States, by
Joan FITZPATRICK, Jeffrey BROTMAN and Susan BROTMAN, Professors of Law, University of Washington

II. RAPPORT DE SYNTHESE – SYNTHESIS REPORT

Protection subsidiaire : progrès ou recul du droit d’asile en Europe ? Une analyse critique de la législation des Etats membres de l’Union européenne, par
Daphné BOUTEILLET-PAQUET, Coordinatrice du Réseau Odysseus, Université Libre de Bruxelles

Subsidiary protection : progress or set-back of asylum law in Europe ? A critical analysis of the legislation of the Member States of the European Union, by
Daphné BOUTEILLET-PAQUET, Coordinator of the Odysseus Network, Université Libre de Bruxelles

III. RAPPORTS NATIONAUX – NATIONAL REPORTS

AUSTRIA – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Ulrike BRANDL and Rudolf FEIK, Professors at University of Salzburg

BELGIQUE – Etude comparée sur la protection subsidiaire, par
Sylvie SAROLEA, Assistante à la Faculté de Droit de l’Université Catholique de Louvain, Avocate, et Jean-Yves CARLIER, Professeur à la Faculté de Droit de l’Université Catholique de Louvain, Avocat

DENMARK – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Nina LASSEN, Lawyer at the Danish Refugee Council

FINLAND – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Eeva NYKÄNEN, Research Fellow at the Faculty of Law, University of Turku

FRANCE – Etude comparée sur la protection subsidiaire, par
Daphné BOUTEILLET-PAQUET, Coordinatrice du Réseau Odysseus, Université Libre de Bruxelles

GERMANY – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Kay HAILBRONNER, University of Konstanz

GREECE – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Nicholas SITAROPOULOS, Greek National Commission for Human Rights

ITALY – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Bruno NASCIMBENE, University of Milan and Claudia GIULINI, Research Fellow at the University of Milan

IRELAND – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
John HANDOLL, Solicitor and Partner with William Fry, Dublin

LUXEMBOURG – Etude comparée sur la protection subsidiaire – Rapport de synthèse rédigé par Daphné BOUTEILLET-PAQUET, Coordinatrice du Réseau Odysseus, Université Libre de Bruxelles

THE NETHERLANDS – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Thomas SPIJKERBOER, Free University Amsterdam

PORTUGAL – Etude comparée sur la protection subsidiaire, par
Constança URBANO DE SOUSA, Professeur à l’Université Autonome de Lisbonne

SPAIN – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Cristina J. GORTAZAR ROTAECHE, Universidad Pontificia Comillas de Madrid

SWEDEN – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Orjan EDTRÖM, Associate Professor, University of Umea

UNITED KINGDOM – Comparative legal study on subsidiary protection, by
Elspeth GUILD, University of Nijmegen, Partner, Kingsley Napley, London

ANNEXES

ANNEXE 1. – Proposition de directive du Conseil concernant les normes minimales relatives aux conditions que doivent remplir les ressortissants des pays tiers et les apatrides pour pouvoir prétendre au statut de réfugié ou de personne qui, pour d’autres raisons, a besoin d’une protection internationale, et relatives au contenu de ces statuts (COM(2001)510)

ANNEXE 2. – Proposal for a council directive on minimum standards for the qualification and status of third country nationals and stateless persons as refugees or as persons who otherwise need international protection (COM(2001)510)

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