reception conditions, eu law, human dignity, reception conditions, asylum, asylum seeker, eu law
This article critically analyses recent developments in the area of reception conditions for asylum seekers in the EU. It focuses on two speciﬁc topics: the scope of application of the recast Reception Conditions Directive (RCD) and the level of material support that Member States must make available to these presumptive refugees. The research uses as a basis the provisions of the RCD. It assesses their interpretation by the Court of Justice of the EU (CJEU), namely through the judgments CIMADE and Gisti (C-179/11) and Saciri (C-79/13). It examines the provisions of the recast Directive to evaluate the progress made in remedying deﬁciencies identiﬁed in the 2003 Directive, as well as to highlight remaining weaknesses and gaps. The analysis is informed by the latest case-law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), including pending cases and the provisions of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights, including its Article 1 on human dignity.