Journal article

Publication details

A new route into the promised land? Being a European citizen after Ruiz Zambrano
in journal: European Law Review

Volume number: 36
Issue number: 5
Release year: 2011
Page range: 704-721

Author(s) details

H. Van Eijken

S.A. De Vries

Publication description

citizenship, eu law, EU nationals, Free movement of persons, fundamental rights, reverse discrimination, Rights of entry and residence, Third country nationals, Work permits
Although exceptionally concise, the judgment of the Court of Justice of the European Union in the Ruiz Zambrano case invites further reflection on the notion of European Union citizenship. The Ruiz Zambrano judgment raises important questions about the relationship between market citizenship and EU citizenship, the current status of European citizenship, the relevance of the cross-border dimension, reverse discrimination against Union citizens and the relationship between European citizens and third-country nationals. In our exploration of this case, we examine the impact of Ruiz Zambrano on the development of European citizenship. We also discuss another important issue, although it was not further explored by the Court itself, that is, the relationship between citizenship and the protection of fundamental rights, and the consequences of the Ruiz Zambrano case for the enforcement of fundamental rights in the European Union.