PhD researcher or student information
Contact email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Link to website with profile: https://www.cresppa.cnrs.fr/labtop/equipe/les-membres-du-labtop/montel-tom/?lang=fr
Discipline: Political Science
Degrees BA: Political Science
Political Science (Comparative Political Sociology)
PhD Research Information
Brief description:This PhD project deals with the genesis of a category of third country citizens excluded from the right to free movement within the EU+ area: the « dubliner ». This term refers to a Convention signed in 1990 in Dublin, alongside the Schengen Implementing Convention. Both of them enshrined the same principle unquestioned since then: any asylum claim should be examined only once, by one single Member State defined according to a series of criteria specified in these conventions. Once this principle established, what could be conceptualised as "flight strategies" from the Dublin Regime have proliferated. Thus, It is no longer flight to Europe, but within Europe itself - from the country responsible for examining the asylum claim as well as from transfer procedures towards this country - that has become an object of government.
Methodology:This thesis is situated at the crossroads of various disciplinary and theoretical traditions: international political sociology, critical security studies, sociology of law, anthropology of the global, diaspora studies, political economy and social history. Resolutely trans-disciplinary, it aims to bring together several scales of observation;: from the micro-situated observation of the lived experiences of migrants to the macro-analysis of EU public policies. More specifically, it envisions to highlight the dialectical relationship between the strategies that these people collectively create in their migration project and the successive transformations of the juridico-administrative mechanisms deployed against their (im)mobility. The final goal being to illustrate how this dialectical dynamic can inform the wider legislative and institutional process at the Community level. For all those reasons, this research draws on three kind of research material: 1. Multi-sited ethnographic observations on the long trend. This investigation is based first on the follow-up of asylum seekers' trajectories since 2015, following them in various transit zones from northern Italy to Calais, from the Parisian campshifts to the Maximilian Park in Brussels, and sometimes beyond the Channel. In addition, observations as well as individualand collective interviews have been conducted in camps, squats, reception centers, courts, detention centers and legal advices offices. 2. Primary documentation and archives. Among others: statistical data (Eurostat, EU-LISA); EU agencies documentation (EASO/EUAA, EU-LISA, EMN…); legislative procedures (Home Affairs Council, DG Home, LIBE Commission and Parliament), case-laws corpus (CJEU, ECtHR and national courts), documentation produced by the Dublin Units (and any other national authority in charge of the application of the Dublin Regulation). In addition, a wide range of archival funds from pre-Amsterdam and Schengen ad-hoc groups have been consulted. Among these, many documents have been recently declassified and therefore not analysed till now. 3. Interviews with present and past institutional actors. In particular, the following are targeted: members of the LIBE committee, officials from DG Home, EASO/EUAA. EU-LISA, the council DG for Justice and Home Affairs, members of permanent representations in the COREPER II. At the national level: the Dublin units and other national institutions in charge of the application of the Dublin Regulation. Last but not least, the now retired officials who in the 1990s' may have been in position to participate in the negotiations on Schengen, Dublin and the premises of the CEAS.
Keywords: ceas, Dublin System, Freedom of movement, schengen, secondary movements, absconding
Language(s) of writing: French
Université Paris 8 Vincennes Saint-Denis
Political Science Department/CRESPPA-Labtop